August 29, 2007

Dialogue Balloons: a User's Guide

Vacation was great! Thanks for asking.

Down to business.

Dialogue Balloons are good, and you should use them in your comic. They are an unfortunately imperfect tool for representing speech in an image, but they are the best tool we've got.

So don't try to get away with half-assed crap like this.

I hope I don't have to explain how terrible that looks.

Here is how to properly operate your dialogue balloon.


Balloon versus Text

As I said in Text Triage Unit No. 2, you should make your balloon big enough to give the text some breathing room around the edges. Don't vacuum-pack your text.

Balloon versus Panel

Panels should never be more than 40-50% filled by a single balloon. All that white in one area is visually jolting, and distracts the reader from the image. So don't let this happen.

If you use multiple balloons, though, you can get away with cramming a bit more text in.

That's not a perfect panel, but it's a workable one.


The standard balloon shape is somewhere in between an ellipse and a rounded-off rectangle. You should adhere to this standard.

If you use an image editor to letter your comic, be careful with the ellipse tool. If you square up your text well, putting an ellipse around it will work just fine.

But if you have a long narrow line of text, it can look very awkward.

It's amazing how many professional comic artists and letterers still haven't realized this.

Non-standard balloon shapes (like squares or wiggly blobs) are inherently distracting, and therefore best used only when you want to draw attention to a particular "voice." For instance, if you have a robot character, using perfectly square balloons for its speech would convey a rigid, synthesized voice. You could also use square balloons when a human is talking through a machine such as a phone or a radio.

Or, you know, whatever.


Do whatever you want with your balloon tails. As long as they're pointing in the approximate direction of the speaker's head, I don't really care.


The line bordering your balloon should be thick enough to see, but not so thick it's distracting. 1.5 to 2 times the line weight of your artwork is a good guideline. It should also never be thicker than the panel border (unless of course you used a borderless panel).

Too thin:

Too thick:

Borderless balloons are also a viable option, as long as they're clearly distinct from the background.


Should you allow balloons to overlap your characters, or not?

There's no correct answer. Manga artists have no problem with overlapping. Western artists typically avoid it. It is up to you to decide.

Personally, I think that keeping characters and balloons rigidly separated also keeps your readers more emotionally separated from your comic, because it limits what you can accomplish with close-ups. But you should go with whatever makes you feel comfortable.

August 16, 2007


Well, I was hoping to get the Dialogue Balloon Safety Manual up and running before I had to leave for vacation, but I ran out of time. I'll be back in a week plus some change.

August 12, 2007

Text Triage Unit no. 2: The Illustrated Safety Manual

Yesterday someone mentioned that seeing a direct visual comparison of good and bad comic text would probably be more helpful to a bunch of artists than reading a page and a half of bitching about it. So for all of you visual learners out there, here's a quick illustrated guide to How Not to Screw Up Your Comic's Text.

Brad and Janet Noir, our unhappy couple from last time, will demonstrate.

1. Don't make your text too small.

2. Don't use an inappropriate font.

3. Don't condense your linespacing or letterspacing.

4. Don't put too much text in a single balloon.

5. Don't treat your balloons as if they were shrink-wrap for the text.

6. Don't carve your balloon into a jigsaw around the text, either.

7. Don't break up your text in unnatural ways.

8. And lastly, don't leave your text aligned to the left.

Hopefully why you shouldn't do any of these things is self-evident.

Just in case it's not, though, I'll explain: it looks like pure hell, and it makes it harder for me to enjoy reading your comic.

And I really, really want to enjoy reading your comic.

August 10, 2007

Text Triage Unit

I'm going to talk about text-related (not writing-related; that will come much later) problems first, because they're incredibly common, and also simple to fix.

There is one overriding rule when it comes to text, and it is this: if I can't read your text, I'm not going to read your comic.

So don't make your text too small for me to read it without squinting. Don't put too much text in a single balloon. Don't shrink the space between lines so you can cram more text into each balloon. Don't draw your balloons right up against the edge of the letters.

And for the love of god, don't do this.

Text should be big, clear, cut into small chunks for easy digestion, and have plenty of breathing space both between lines and around the edges. Like this. See how easy that is to read?

A Word About Fonts

Arial, Comic Sans, Times New Roman. DON'T USE THESE. In fact, don't use any font that came preinstalled on your computer. Why? Because they're ugly. They're also hard to read. They were never meant to be used in comics. They look amateurish. But mostly, they're just ugly.

There are a variety of free fonts specifically designed for use in comics, readily available from sites like Blambot. Pick a good one from their list-- NOT "Anime Ace", that one looks like crap too-- and use that instead.

A Word About Linespacing

If you letter your comics in MSPaint, then close your browser window right now and walk away. Your comic cannot be saved. It is DOA.

If you letter your comics in a proper image editor, though, you probably have the ability to tweak something called "linespacing."

This is how you do it in Adobe Photoshop (although the same technique applies for Illustrator):

Once you've got your text banged out, hit Ctrl + T to bring up the Character palette. The little icon with two A's on top of each other stands for linespacing.

Most of the time the (Auto) setting is good enough, but for maximum readability you may want to dick around with it. I prefer to err on the side of too much space between lines rather than too little, so I usually set linespacing to be a size bigger than my actual font size. In this case, my font is 18 point, so my spacing would be 24.

That looks better. But remember, not all fonts need to have their linespacing screwed around with. Use this technique sparingly, and use it for good, not evil. NEVER EVER use it to cram the lines closer together so you can pack more dialogue in.

That's all for today. Next up: balloons.

let's do this

I am a person with a simple dream. A dream of a world in which all the comics on the internet don't suck. Crazy, I know! But together, I think we can make this thing happen.

The good news is that approximately 90% of all bad webcomics are making the exact same mistakes. Most of them are about basic legibility. The words are too small. The art is confusing. The panel layout is labyrinthine. These are the easy ones to fix. I will show you how.

The bad news is that the remaining 10% are perfectly legible, and still manage to suck. It may be that many of them are beyond hope. But goddamnit, I've got to try.